Prime Minister Narendra Modi fed Punganur cows on the auspicious event of Makar Sankranti on Sunday (14 January). The photographs present the PM tending to the dwarf cattle breed on the garden of his 7, Lok Kalyan Marg residence in New Delhi.
He will be seen petting the cows and feeding them grass and different fodder. In keeping with stories, Hindus imagine feeding grass to cows on Makar Sankranti brings benediction. Modi’s gesture has introduced this cow breed to the limelight.
What are Punganur cows? Let’s take a more in-depth look.
Punganur cows are a uncommon breed native to Punganur municipality in Andhra Pradesh’s Chittoor district.
Identified for its dwarf stature, these cattle are about 70-90 cm tall and have a median weight of 115-200 kg.
The cows, marked by a broad brow and quick horns, are perfect for small-scale dairy farming and natural farming. In keeping with Indiatimes.com, the cow, identified for its wealthy milk, yields 3 to five liters of milk day-after-day.
गौ सेवक मोदी!
मकर संक्रांति के पावन अवसर पर प्रधानमंत्री श्री नरेन्द्र मोदी ने आज अपने आवास पर गौ सेवा करते हुए गायों के समूह को चारा खिलाया। pic.twitter.com/MTZkK4wO5X
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Dr BL Chidananda, a retired professor of Animal Sciences from the College of Agricultural Sciences, GKVK, instructed News18 that these cows are a “gold mine”. “The milk of this cow also has the element Au, the chemical name for gold. Even today, many temples of Andhra Pradesh, including the famous Tirupati Thirumala Temple, use the milk of a Punganur cow for Ksheeraabhishekam (milk offering to the deity),” the professional defined.
Punganur cows are reportedly one of many world’s smallest humped cattle breeds. Their high-fat content material milk is used for making ghee, butter and curd. The milk of this cattle breed has a high-fat content material of eight per cent in comparison with 3 to 4 per cent in different indigenous breeds, in accordance with News18. Its milk reportedly has medicinal values.
“The milk a Punganur cow provides has high nutritional value. Known for its high-fat content A2 milk, rich in nutrients such as Omega fatty acids, calcium, potassium, and magnesium, which are essential for maintaining good health,” Chidananda mentioned.
These extremely adaptable cows are drought-resistant and may survive on dry fodder corresponding to grass, straw, hay, and so forth, as per an Agri Farming article.
Punganur cows have a docile temperament which makes them straightforward to deal with. These social animals are proof against frequent ailments and parasites, the article added.
Seen as a standing image, celebrities and different widespread personalities have reportedly adopted this breed as a pet. These cows value anyplace between Rs 1 lakh to 10 lakhs relying on the purity and well being of the cattle, News18 reported citing farmers.
From endangerment to revival
Punganur cattle confronted a risk of extinction at some extent when dairy farmers pushed the animal for an elevated milk manufacturing. These cows grew to become a legal responsibility for farmers in comparison with hybrid cattle which might make extra milk, as per Indiatimes.com.
As farmers began to promote the breed or abandon them, the variety of the cattle dropped to a couple hundred.
To revive their inhabitants, the Andhra Pradesh authorities kickstarted ‘Mission Punganur’ in 2020. Below the initiative, the state authorities sanctioned Rs 69.36 crore to AP Centre for Superior Analysis on Livestock Restricted for rising the inhabitants of the cattle utilizing IVF know-how.
The mission included utilizing low genetic advantage cows as surrogates and producing elite offspring. The AP authorities deliberate to boost the reproductive effectivity of those cows by three to 4 instances, as per The Hindu report.
The mission additionally aimed to get not less than 8.5 off-springs from every cow in 5 years reasonably than 2.5 off-springs throughout the identical interval underneath regular state of affairs. As many as 1,690 offspring are prone to be produced from 200 superior donors, the report added.
In keeping with News18, the Prime Minister‘s Workplace (PMO) can be part of the conservation efforts and has been rearing a bunch of those cattle, a veterinarian professional from AP mentioned.
With inputs from companies