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Indian students’ interest in engineering is dropping and expected to slump even more, here’s why

Over the previous few years, there was a constant drop within the variety of college students enrolling in engineering and know-how programs. In accordance with TeamLease Edtech co-founder and president Neeti Sharma, this pattern will proceed as IT corporations rent fewer individuals.

“Over the previous few years, there was a gradual decline within the variety of college students enrolling in engineering and know-how programs. For instance, the enrollment in BTech packages fell from roughly 40 lakh in 2016–17 to 36 lakh in 2020–21.

“In the past five years, BTech and BE courses have seen a steady decline as job opportunities in core streams have diminished. The overall fresher hiring by IT companies has declined from 26 per cent of overall passouts in FY22 to 15 per cent and 10 per cent in FY23 and FY24, respectively,” Sharma advised PTI.

Nevertheless, she famous that there’s some gentle on the finish of the tunnel and programs equivalent to cloud computing, synthetic intelligence, and cybersecurity are nonetheless seeing area of interest demand.

“Both current employees, freshers, and experienced candidates have recognised the need to upskill in these specific domains in order to stay competitive in the IT sector. Tier-I IT firms are prioritising digital transformation, data analytics, cloud computing, and such courses in these domains will remain in demand,” she added.

It’s anticipated that there will probably be a 4 per cent dip within the whole IT companies headcount on this monetary 12 months with a chance that 2,00,000 might presumably be in danger relying on the campus placement situation, she mentioned.

“During 2022-23, there was a 9 per cent dip in fresher hiring from the previous year and it is expected that in FY24 there will be a further 5 per cent decrease. Overall, hiring is expected to fall by 40 per cent, according to a recent report. Compared to the previous year, overall fresher hiring is expected to fall around 40-50 per cent and this is for graduates of both FY23 and FY24,” Sharma famous.

She mentioned, with IT corporations slowing down their hiring exercise, World Capability Facilities (GCCs) are additionally anticipated to fall quick by 50 per cent of the general IT hiring in India.

As tech spends scale back, the online employees addition in main IT companies hit a 5 12 months low and is projected to stay destructive for the remainder of the present monetary 12 months, she acknowledged.

Sharma additional mentioned, amid the latest slowdown within the sector, Tier-I IT companies are pacing themselves and never committing to costly long-term hiring.

“Most firms in the sector have decided to prioritise internal mobility and lateral hiring with some fresher hiring in the mix as well. Reducing overhead costs and improving the sales pipelines will be the focus going forward with 75 per cent of hiring expected to be internal. However, according to our recent Career Outlook report, the startup ecosystem is slightly different with technology startups expressing a 59 per cent intent to hire,” she added.

She mentioned, there’s a must be cautious in predicting any important restoration in hiring as the worldwide alerts are presently weak.

“The current geopolitical and macroeconomic landscape and other external factors may dictate the speed of recovery. However, since June 2023, the IT sector has seen a slight upward trend. A combination of cost reduction measures through layoffs, reduced inflation in the UK and Europe markets and better global economic stability have led to this mini recovery phase compared to the first half of the year,” she famous.

Nevertheless, it’s troublesome to foretell whether or not there will probably be a full scale restoration akin to the pre-pandemic period resulting from a number of variables within the international economic system, Sharma mentioned.

In comparison with the primary week of October 2022, there was a 20 per cent decline within the variety of college students positioned, she mentioned, including that “we are likely to witness a significant decline in campus offers compared to the previous year.”

On freshers hiring, Sharma mentioned, as IT companies pivot towards inner expertise mobility, there’s prone to be a displacement impact for freshers, particularly because of the weak gross sales projections.

IT companies are anticipated to rent 50,000 freshers between June and December of 2023, primarily from tier II and III cities, she mentioned.

In the meantime, tier I cities and smaller cities are anticipated to witness decreased more energizing hiring throughout this era, she mentioned.

“Freshers hired during the previous campus recruitment cycle are being upskilled in Gen AI and other emerging technologies as major IT firms focus on cost reduction and streamlining,” Sharma mentioned.

Nevertheless, freshers who include a myriad of expertise together with technical and mushy expertise and show excessive emotional intelligence will all the time be in demand, she added.

(with inputs from PTI)

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