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How this will help India go green

Monday (22 January) was an enormous, huge day for Prime Minister Narendra Modi. He presided over the consecration ceremony, also referred to as the pran pratishtha, of the Ram mandir in Ayodhya in the course of the day after which later introduced an enormous scheme for folks.

In a put up on X, PM Modi on Monday night wrote, “The first decision I have taken after returning from Ayodhya is that our government will launch ‘Pradhanmantri Suryodaya Yojana’ with the target of installing rooftop solar on one crore houses.”

He additional added that the scheme was impressed by Lord Ram and that this scheme wouldn’t solely assist folks, but additionally make the nation self-reliant in power manufacturing.

Right here’s what we all know concerning the Pradhanmantri Suryodaya Yojana and the way it will profit India.

In regards to the Pradhanmantri Suryodaya Yojana

On Monday, upon his arrival from Ayodhya the place he presided over the consecration ceremony, Prime Minister Narendra Modi introduced the scheme, referred to as the Pradhanmantri Suryodaya Yojana, underneath which one crore households will get photo voltaic rooftops.

In a put up on X, Modi stated: “Today, on the auspicious occasion of the consecration of life in Ayodhya, my resolve has been further strengthened that the people of India should have their own solar rooftop system on the roof of their houses. The first decision I have taken after returning from Ayodhya is that our government will launch ‘Pradhanmantri Suryodaya Yojana’ with the target of installing rooftop solar on 1 crore houses.”

He added that the scheme would assist not solely cut back electrical energy payments of the “poor and middle class”, but additionally push India’s purpose of turning into self-reliant within the power sector.

The scheme goals to supply electrical energy to low and middle-income people by photo voltaic rooftop installations. Furthermore, it can supply extra earnings for surplus electrical energy technology.

PM Modi announces new rooftop solar power scheme How this will help India go green
The Pradhanmantri Suryodaya Yojana goals to supply electrical energy to low and middle-income people by photo voltaic rooftop installations. Picture Courtesy: @narendramodi/X

Just like earlier scheme

Notably, the Pradhanmantri Suryodaya Yojana is similar to the beforehand introduced Rooftop Photo voltaic Programme in 2014. The earlier scheme had aimed to provide 40,000 megawatts (MW) or 40 gigawatts (GW) of solar energy by 2022.

In 2022, this programmed obtained a four-year extension and now goals at attaining its goal of 4,000 megawatt (40 gigawatt) rooftop photo voltaic capability addition, by March 2026. In reality, the Ministry of New and Renewable Power had then stated that the Rooftop Photo voltaic Programme Section-II has been prolonged till 31 March 2026, with none monetary implication, — inside the initially accepted whole outlay of Rs 118.14 billion for each parts of the programme – the incentives to distribution corporations and Central Monetary Help to the residential sector.

Also read: What is India’s ambitious ‘OSOWOG’ global solar grid proposal?

And the way did this scheme work? Minister of New and Renewable Power RK Singh had beforehand stated that the buyer can select any vendor on the nationwide portal and after set up, the subsidy is shipped on to the checking account of the buyer.

India harnessing the solar’s energy

On the finish of final 12 months, 2023, India’s solar energy technology stood at 73.31 GW, up from 2022’s 63.3 GW. Nevertheless, rooftop solar energy technology solely stands at round 11.08 GW as of December 2023. Knowledge reveals that of the whole solar energy generated within the nation, Rajasthan leads the pack with 18.7 GW whereas Gujarat follows with 10.5 GW. Nevertheless, when speaking about rooftop solar energy, Gujarat is at peak place — with 2.8 GW — adopted by Maharashtra at 1.7 GW.

Based on a report by JMK Analysis & Evaluation and Institute for Power Economics and Monetary Evaluation, India having greater than 300 million households and a median of 300 sunny days annually, has great potential for rooftop photo voltaic installations in residential areas.

PM Modi announces new rooftop solar power scheme How this will help India go green
A boy dusts off a photo voltaic panel put in on the rooftop of his home on the outskirts of Ahmedabad. India’s solar energy technology stood at 73.31 GW final 12 months. Nevertheless, rooftop solar energy technology was solely round 11.08 GW in 2023. File picture/Reuters

And retaining this in thoughts, the federal government has come out with completely different schemes and initiatives. Nevertheless, consultants observe that regardless of a number of measures, India’s rooftop solar energy technology is just not the place it ought to be, itemizing causes for the state of affairs.

Senior Programme Lead from Council on Power, Surroundings and Water, Neeraj Kuldeep, chatting with Mongabay, stated that the first causes for rooftop photo voltaic not turning into standard is that it’s nonetheless an costly possibility for a lot of. Apparently, a report revealed that in 2020, the common value of a residential rooftop photo voltaic system in India was $658 per kilowatt. If in contrast with different main rooftop photo voltaic residential markets like Japan, the UK, Switzerland, and america of America, it’s three to 6 instances cheaper. However folks nonetheless discover it exorbitant.

Kuldeep additional defined that there’s additionally a lack of know-how. Furthermore, customers obtain subsidised electrical energy from electrical energy distribution corporations.

Significance of solar energy to India

Harnessing the facility of the solar to generate electrical energy is vital to India for a number of causes. If India desires to attain its purpose of turning into net zero by 2070, it has to look in direction of the solar. In reality, at COP26, in November 2021, India had dedicated to fulfill 50 per cent of its electrical energy necessities from renewable power sources by 2030. For these goals to be met, India has to harness the total capability of the solar.

PM Modi announces new rooftop solar power scheme How this will help India go green
For India to turn out to be energy-reliant in addition to go inexperienced, solar energy is essential. File picture/Reuters

Furthermore, India’s share of worldwide power demand is predicted to double to 11 per cent in 2040, making it crucial to reinforce power safety and self-sufficiency in energy technology with out growing environmental prices. This improve in energy demand is more likely to improve India’s reliance on coal, oil and pure fuel as a supply of power.

Nevertheless, extra imports of oil and elevated home manufacturing of coal is not going to solely fall wanting power demand however may also entail financial and environmental prices. Enlargement of solar energy models and elevated reliance on solar energy permits India to reinforce power safety within the face of rising demand.

Moreover, India is already going through depleting groundwater ranges, owing to which the nation should shift its power assets away from water.

It’s left to be seen if PM Modi’s new scheme is a step ahead on this purpose.

With inputs from companies

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